Yoiko
Research of Automatic Ticket Checker

Component

The composition of a typical automatic ticket checker is as follows(it simplifies in part).

Some equipments exist in backyard except the body part which is visible to users.

Components diagram
Components diagram

Body

Handling unit

Handling unit
Handling unit

This unit carries tickets which is thrown and read/write tickets.

It is the example of an entrance slot. The machine which was used in the Hankyu had 5 inclination entrance slot for left-handed users.

NIPPON SIGNAL(Nankai Electric Railway)
NIPPON SIGNAL(Nankai Electric Railway)
TOSHIBA(KINTETSU)
TOSHIBA(KINTETSU)
OMRON(Keihan Electric Railway)
OMRON(Keihan Electric Railway)
TOSHIBA(Hankyu)
TOSHIBA(Hankyu)

Then, it is the example of an extraction mouth. The machine with which the camera is installed near the extraction mouth exists.

OMRON(HANSHIN ELECTRIC RAILWAY)
OMRON(HANSHIN ELECTRIC RAILWAY)
TOSHIBA(IZUHAKONE RAILWAY)
TOSHIBA(IZUHAKONE RAILWAY)
TOSHIBA(Hankyu)
TOSHIBA(Hankyu)

IC card R/W

The cushion made of rubber is attached in the antenna portion, and breakage of a machine is prevented.

Suica(Tokyo Monorail)
Suica(Tokyo Monorail)
PiTaPa(Hankyu)
PiTaPa(Hankyu)

Sensor

Sensor
Sensor

It is sensors for detecting the passenger who passes through a ticket gate passage. Infrared rays are used. The sensor is built into several places of an automatic ticket checker case.

The purple points which is visible to a black bar in this photograph is a sensor.

Door unit

It only opened and closed simply in the early days. Recently a speed of the movement is controled, so even if a person is hit by the door the damage is very few.

Closed(Keio)
Closed(Keio)
Opened(KINTETSU)
Opened(KINTETSU)

Passage display

An electric bulb was used before, but LED dot matrix is used nowadays. A fixed sign is used by the passage.

"o", "x", arrow or icon are used as a sign.

Fixed(Keihan Electric Railway)
Fixed(Keihan Electric Railway)
LED(Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau)
LED(Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau)
LED(Kobe Electric Railway)
LED(Kobe Electric Railway)
LED(East Japan Railway)
LED(East Japan Railway)

Guide display

Generally a guide display exists near the extraction mouth. There are some cases it exists near the entrance slot(for example, machine for the Shinkansen). The balance, a cause of an error, etc. are displayed.

LED, plasma display, color LCD are used.

Color LCD(Central Japan Railway)
Color LCD(Central Japan Railway)
Plasma display(TOKYO MONORAIL)
Plasma display(TOKYO MONORAIL)
LED(Transportation Bureau, City of Yokohama)
LED(Transportation Bureau, City of Yokohama)

Maker plate

A plate which manufacture maker's name is written may be attached on an automatic ticket checker.

ONRON(Nankai Electric Railway)
ONRON(Nankai Electric Railway)
TOSHIBA(Kitakyushu Urban Monorail)
TOSHIBA(Kitakyushu Urban Monorail)
NIPPON SIGNAL(Chiba Urban Monorail)
NIPPON SIGNAL(Chiba Urban Monorail)

Peripheral equipment

Control unit

Control unit
Control unit

It is an unit which controls an automatic ticket checker. By making network connection with automatic ticket checkers, it becomes possible to transfer fare information. Moreover, it seems to be connected to the server for IC card via this unit.

There are few opportunities to see because in many case it is installed in a station office.

The blue box of a photograph is an example of installation in Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau.

Monitoring unit

Monitoring unit
Monitoring unit

It is an unit which supervises a status of an automatic ticket checker. When an error occured, the detail is displayed on it. Control of direction and reset operation also can be performed.

Most of the case, this unit is installed near the station staff in ticket gate.

Passage indicator

It is an unit which is installed in the ceiling of a ticket gate passage. It tends to be removed or not be installed from the begining.

Fluorescent light(OSAKA MONORAIL)
Fluorescent light(OSAKA MONORAIL)
LED(YURIKAMOME)
LED(YURIKAMOME)
Panel(TOBU RAILWAY)
Panel(TOBU RAILWAY)
Fluorescent light(Hankyu)
Fluorescent light(Hankyu)